Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) – Eligibility Criteria,Objectives,MOM with NITI Ayog
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana – At Glance
What is Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana?
|Government programme. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is a national mission to improve farm productivity and ensure better utilization of the resources in the country. The budget of ₹53 billion in a time span of one year 2015-2016 has been allocated to this scheme.|
|Launched by (prime minister)||Narendra Modi|
|Ministry||Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare|
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana was launched in the year 2015 and the scheme was aimed at ensuring that the resources are used in a better way in India. This was especially in terms of irrigation. To put things into perspective, the total area that is sown in India is 141 Million Hectare and during the launch of the scheme, only 65 Million Hectare of this area was covered under irrigation. This means that the rest of the area was dependent on rainfall.
This dependency on rainfall is certainly very problematic because the rainfalls are not very predictable. That led to a lot of spoilage in terms of crops. The government decided to make a lot more investments in agriculture so that the farmers are able to get proper means to irrigate the fields. This would not only help in improving the productivity of the country’s agriculture sector but it would also ensure that the farmers are able to make profits.
There are a couple of objectives that are included under the scheme. These objectives are listed below
- To increase the investment in agriculture and to provide a better facility for irrigation.
- To increase the total cultivable land under irrigation.
- To improve the water utilization factor and ensure that the water wastage is reduced. This would enable the better utilization of resources available.
- To implement better technology for agriculture which may improve the precision in irrigation and which may also help in saving a lot of water.
- To practice sustainable water conservation and to enhance the recharging capacity of aquifers.
This was a 5 year plan for the implementation and it was notified that the government will be investing Rs 50,000 crores to meet the target. As per the latest data, the government has managed to cover additional 11.58 lakh in the year 2018-19. The government had been implementing the use of sprinklers and drips so as to ensure that each drop of water counts. Since the inception of the scheme, the government has covered 45.66 lakh hectare of the area. A major portion has been accomplished by the help of drip sets which is a more efficient way to provide irrigation without wasting any natural resources.
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub district level water use plans).
- Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani),
- Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent,
- Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop).
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices
- Ensure the integrated development of rainfed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of ground water, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other NRM activities.
- Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
- Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for periurban agriculture, and
- Attract greater private investments in irrigation. This will in turn increase agricultural production and productivity and enhance farm income.
Detail Discussion Till now at Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
- Second meeting of the National Executive Committee of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) in NITI Aayog under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog Dated 19th February, 2016
- Discussion of the core team constituted to develop MIS for PMKSY Dated 12th February, 2016
- 1st Meeting to prepare road map of PMKSY Dated 14th January, 2016
- Record of Discussion of the meeting chaired by the principal secretary to the Prime Minister Dated 13th January, 2016
- Discussion of the core team constituted to develop MIS for PMKSY Dated 29th December, 2015
- Meeting held under the chairmanship of secretary DAC&FW to review the progress of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) Dated 26th November, 2015
- Discussion on District Irrigation Plan Template of PMKSY Dated 16th November, 2015
- Summary record of discussion of the meeting taken by the Principal Secretary to PM on PMKSY Dated 14th November, 2015
- Discussion of the core team constituted to develop MIS for PMKSY dated 04th November, 2015
- Discussion on implementation issues of PMKSY and to review the action taken on the decisions of the first meeting of National Executive Committee(NEC) of PMKSY Dated 23rd October, 2015
- PMKSY- Creation of MIS Portal Dated 7th October, 2015
- Cabinate Secretariat meeting to review Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) dated 18th September, 2015
- First meeting of the National Executive Committee of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) in NITI Aayog under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog dated 29th September, 2015
- Committee of Secretaries dated 18th September, 2015
- Minutes of the Meeting to discuss implementation issues of PMKSY and to review the status of release of fund and preparation of District Irrigation Plan, held under the Chairmanship of Secretary (A&C) Dated 27th August, 2015
- Minutes of the Meeting to discuss operationalisation of PMKSY and review the action taken on the decisions made in the meetings of PMO, held under the Chairmanship of Secretary (A&C) Dated 12th August, 2015
- Proceeedings of the meeting to review the progress under major flagship programmes of GoI Dated 08th August, 2015
- Inter Ministerial Meeting held on 23rd June, 2015
- PMO Meeting on ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana’ held on 8th June, 2015
- Discussion Chaired by Principal Seretary to PM on PMKSY Dated 18th May, 2015
- Expenditure Finance Committee to consider the proposal of PMKSY Dated 8th May, 2015
- Discussion on PMKSY Dated 18th March, 2015
- Discussion on modalities of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) Dated 12th March, 2015
- Record of Discussions of the meeting taken by the Prime Minister on the Scheme of PMKSY Dated 30th December, 2014
- Record of Discussions of the meeting held by Principal Secretary to PM to review the preparation of guidelines for PMKSY Dated 14th November, 2014
- Meeting taken by the Principal Secretary to PM on the Scheme of PMKSY dated 10th September, 2014
Cost Norm & Pattern of Assistance for PMKSY
Technical requirements / standards, pattern of assistance etc. for activities of respective components like AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet Ko Pani), PMKSY (Per drop more crop) and PMKSY (Watershed Development) will be as per the existing guidelines of the respective Ministries/Departments or as per revised norms including that of additional activities introduced, to be issued by the respective ministries/departments with the approval of concerned Union Minister.
- In the absence of equivalent Central Plan Scheme, norms and conditions prescribed by respective State Governments for their schemes may be applied.
- In cases where no Central / State Govt. norms are available, a certificate of reasonableness of proposed project cost along with reasons thereof will invariably be given by State Level Project Screening Committee (SLPSC) in each such case.
- States should adhere to Govt. approved rate e.g. Schedule of rate of CPWD/PWD/Irrigation Dept or similar Govt. agencies working in rural areas, for creation of irrigation infrastructure.
Eligibility criteria for PMKSY
Instead of incremental budgeting, PMKSY will adopt a dynamic annual fund allocation methodology that mandates States to allocate more funds to irrigation sectors for becoming eligible to access PMKSY funds. For this purpose:
- a) A State will become eligible to access PMKSY fund only if it has prepared the District Irrigation Plans (DIP) and State Irrigation Plan (SIP), excepting for the initial year, and the expenditure in water resource development for agriculture sector in the year under consideration is not less than baseline expenditure. The baseline expenditure will be the average of expenditure in irrigation sector irrespective of state departments (i.e. creation of water 8 source, distribution, management and application from State plan schemes) in State Plan in three years prior to the year under consideration.
- b) States will be given additional weightage for levying charges on water and electricity for irrigation purpose, so as to ensure sustainability of the programme.
- c) Inter State allocation of PMKSY fund will be decided based on
(i) share of percentage of unirrigated area in the State vis-à-vis National average including prominence of areas classified under Dessert Development Programme (DDP) and Drought Prone Area Development Programme (DPAP)
(ii) increase in percentage share of expenditure on water resource development for agriculture sector in State Plan expenditure in the previous year over three years prior to it (iv) improvement in irrigation efficiency in the state.
Pradhan mantri krishi sinchai yojana in english
Pradhan mantri krishi sinchai yojana in hindi
The scheme is certainly a great success. We are presently in the last leg of the sprint and the aim for this year is to cover 14 million hectares.